Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

The application of ultrasound to medical diagnosis has seen continuous development and growth over several decades. Early, primitive display modes, such as A-mode and static B-mode, borrowed from metallurgical testing and radar technologies of the time, have given way to high-performance, real-time imaging. Moving ultrasound images of babies in the womb are now familiar to most members of the public through personal experience of antenatal scanning or via television. Modern ultrasound systems do much more than produce images of unborn babies, however. Modern ultrasound systems can make detailed measurements of blood movements in blood vessels and tissues, visualize moving structures in 3D, and make measurements related to the stiff ness of tissues.

Basic principles of Ultrasound image Formation

Echo ranging

Image formation

B-mode formats


  • Track 1-1Signal amplitude processing
  • Track 1-2Transmit power control
  • Track 1-3Time–gain compensation
  • Track 1-4Harmonic imaging

A Nanocomposite is a multiphase solid material where one of the phase has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100nm or structures having nano-scale repeat distance between the different phase that make up the material. Nanocomposites consists of one or more discontinuous phase of distributed in one continuous phase. Continuous phase is called MATRIX, where are discontinuous phase is called REINFORCEMENT. They are of categorized into two types Polymer based and Non-polymer based.


  • Track 2-1Metal/metal Nanocomposites
  • Track 2-2Metal/Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Track 2-3Ceramic/Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Track 2-4Polymer/Layered Silicate nanocomposites
  • Track 2-5Polymer/polymer Nanocomposites
  • Track 2-6Bio composites

Nanotechnology is the act of purposefully manipulating matter at the atomic scale, otherwise known as the “Nanoscale”. These nanoparticles have dimensions between 1nm and 1000nm. A Nanometer is a billionth of a meter or 10^-9m. These particles are solid colloidal particles ranging from 1 to 1000nm in size, they consist of macromolecular materials in which the active ingredients are dissolved, entrapped, or encapsulated, or adsorbed.


  • Track 3-1Nanospheres
  • Track 3-2Nanocapsules
  • Track 3-3Natural Hydrophilic polymer
  • Track 3-4Synthetic Hydrophobic polymer

A Carbon Nanotube is a tube-shaped material, made of carbon having diameter measuring on the nanometre scale. Carbon Nanotubes are formed from essentially the graphite sheet and the graphite layer appears somewhat like a rolled-up continuous unbroken hexagonal mesh and carbon molecules at the apexes of the hexagons. Nanowires can be assembled in a rational and predictable because nanowire can be precisely and controlled during synthesis, Chemical composition, diameter, length and doping, It is possible to combine distinct nanowire building blocks in ways not possible in conventional electronics.


  • Track 4-1Single walled Nanotubes
  • Track 4-2Multi Walled Nanotubes
  • Track 4-3Torus
  • Track 4-4Nanobud
  • Track 4-5Graphenated Carbon Nanotubes

Optical Materials used for the transfer of light by the means that of reflective, absorbing, focusing or splitting of an optical beam. The result of those materials is very dependent of the various wavelengths.  It focuses on all aspects of light matter interactions. Advanced optical materials receive an impact factor of 6.87 which is increased to 28.3% when compared to 2016 value. Advanced materials does research in photonics, plasmonics and meta materials.


  • Track 5-1 Meta materials
  • Track 5-2 Photonic Crystals
  • Track 5-3 Nonlinear Optics
  • Track 5-4 Optoelectronics
  • Track 5-5 Optical Data Storage
  • Track 5-6 Optical Sensors and Devices.

Smart materials are those having one or more properties that can be significantly changed  in controlled fashion by external stimuli. SMART MACHINES and SMART STRUCTURES are composed of smart materials. Smart materials has been expanded to the materias that receive, transmit, (or)process a stimulus and respond by producing a useful effect that may include a signal that the materials are used up on it., smart materials are an answer to many contemporary problems. In a world of diminishing resources, they promise increased sustainability of goods through improved efficiency and preventive maintenance. In a world of health and safety threats, they offer early detection, automated diagnosis, and even self-repair. 

  • Track 6-1 Shape Memory Alloys
  • Track 6-2 Space Shuttle
  • Track 6-3 Cell Phone Antenna
  • Track 6-4 Coffee Pots
  • Track 6-5 Eye Glasses

Engineering  materials have toughness, good electric insulation, ease of molding shape. These materials have low cost and available readily. Metal joining pieces and clamping screws are made of BRASS in these materials because of its specfic properties like ease of machine good electrical conductivity. These materials have properties such as electrical conductivity, strength, toughness, ease of forming by extrusion, forging and casting, machinability and corrosion resistance.

  • Track 7-1 Metals
  • Track 7-2 Non Metallic Materials
  • Track 7-3 Ferrous Materials
  • Track 7-4 Non Ferrous Materials
  • Track 7-5 Natural Materials
  • Track 7-6 Synthetic materials

Composite materials are becoming more important in construction of aerostructures. Air craft parts are made from composite materials such as fairings,spoilers and flight controls were developed for their weight saving over aluminium parts. New generation aircrafts are designed with all compoite FUSELAGE and wing structures. These are also  the advanced polymer matrix compoites. They have the desired physical and chemical properties. These are generally characterised and detected by their unusually high stiffness or modulus of elasticity. These Advanced composite matrix are used in REINFORCED MATRIX COMPOSITION.

  • Track 8-1 Industrial Composites
  • Track 8-2 Advanced Composites
  • Track 8-3 Thermosets
  • Track 8-4 Thermoplastics
  • Track 8-5 Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Track 8-6 Ceramic Matrix Composites
  • Track 8-7 Metal Matrix Composites

A functionally graded material (FGM) is a two-component composite characterised by a compositional gradient from one component to the other. In contrast, traditional composites are homogeneous mixtures, and they therefore involve a compromise between the desirable properties of the component materials.  Here combination of materials are used to serve the purpose of thermal barrier which are capable of withstanding surface temperature of 200k and temperature gradient of 1000k across a 10mm section. Basic structure units of FGM's are elements (or) materials gradients represented by MAXEL. These are uses to remove the sharp interface.

  • Track 9-1 Chemical Composition Gradient FGM
  • Track 9-2 Porosity Gradient FGM
  • Track 9-3 Microstructural FGM

Materials having particles (or) constituents of nano scale dimensions are saidd to be nano materials. Nano materials are usually considered to be materials with atleast one external dimension that measures 100 nm (or) with internal structure measures 100nm or less. These nanomaterials will be in the form of tubes, rods (or) fiberes. The number of products produced by Nanotechnology or containing nano materials entering the maket are increasing. Nano materials have their current application included in healthcare, cosmetics, textiles, information technology and environament protection.

  • Track 10-1 Nano Tubes
  • Track 10-2 Dendrimers
  • Track 10-3 Quantum Dots
  • Track 10-4 Fullerences
  • Track 10-5 Photo Catalyst

Nanomedicine is a branch of medicine that applies the knowledge and tools of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of diseases. Nano medicine involves the use of nanoscale materials such as bio compatible nanoparticles and robotics for diagnosis, delivary, sensing (or) actuating purpose in living organism. Nano medicine seeks to deliver a valuable set of research tools and clynically used devices  in the futureThe national nanotechnology initiative expects the new commercial application in the PHARMACEAUTICAL industry that may include advanced drug delivary system,new therapies in VIVO imaging.

  • Track 11-1 Cell Repair
  • Track 11-2 Drugdelivary
  • Track 11-3 Anti Microbiologial Techniques
  • Track 11-4 Therapeutic Applications
  • Track 11-5 Diagnostic Purpose
  • Track 11-6 Daxil
  • Track 11-7 Paclitaxel

Nanoelectronics is based on the application of nanotechnology in the field of electronics and electronic components. Nanoelectronics may generally mean all the electronic components, special attention is given in the case of transistors. These transistors have a size lesser than 100 nanometres. Although a nanoelectronic device can be made fully functional, the work load it can do is restricted to its size. The basic principle is that the power of a machine will increase according to the increase in volume, but the amount of friction that the machine’s bearings hold will depend on the surface area of the machine.

  • Track 12-1 Graphene Transistor
  • Track 12-2 Single Electron Transistor
  • Track 12-3 Carbon Based Nano Sensors
  • Track 12-4 Nano Fabrication
  • Track 12-5 Nano Material Electronics
  • Track 12-6 Molecular Electronics
  • Track 12-7 Nano electronic Devices

Nanorobotics is a technology of creating machines and robots at the microscopic scale of a nanometer(10^-9). Nanorobots would typically be device ranging in size from 0.1-10 micrometer. The main element used will be carbon in the form of diamond/fullerence nanocomposites because of strength and chemical inertness of the form.This chapter overviews the state of the art of nanorobotics, outlines nanoactuation, and focuses on nanorobotic manipulation systems and their application in nanoassembly, biotechnology and the construction and characterization of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) through a hybrid approach. 

  • Track 13-1 Nanorobotics in Surgery
  • Track 13-2 Diagnosis and Testing
  • Track 13-3 Nanorobotics in Gene Therapy
  • Track 13-4 Nanorobots in Cancer Detection and Treatment
  • Track 13-5 Biomedical Applications of Nanorobots
  • Track 13-6 Manufacturing Approach
  • Track 13-7 Bio Chips

The tools and instrument used in nanotechnology overview that  gives broad details of instruments and tools along with some technical aspects involved in it. The tools and  instruments of nanotechnology are the Hardware and software that is used to manipulate and measure the structure of nanoscale.

  • Track 14-1 Scanning Electron Microscope(1931)
  • Track 14-2 Transmission Electron Microscope(1931)
  • Track 14-3 Field Emission Microscope(1936)
  • Track 14-4 Field Ion Microscope(1951)
  • Track 14-5 Scanning Tunneling Miroscope(1981)
  • Track 14-6 Atomic Force Microscope(1986)

Nanotechnology and nano sciences are the study and applicatins of extremely small things that can be used across all other science fields such as chemistry, biology, physics, material sciences and engineering. Nanotechnology expands its creation in both materials and devices with vast range of applications such as medicine, electronics, bio materials and energy production.  Nanotechnology Products and Applications database already provides an overview of how nanomaterials and nanostructuring applications are used today in industrial and commercial appplications across industries 

  • Track 15-1 Medicine
  • Track 15-2 Electronics
  • Track 15-3 Food
  • Track 15-4 Fuel Cells
  • Track 15-5 Solar Cells
  • Track 15-6 Batteries
  • Track 15-7 Space
  • Track 15-8 Fuels
  • Track 15-9 Fabric
  • Track 15-10 Sporting Goods

Nanolithography is a branch of nanotehnology concerned with  study and applications of nano fabrication of nanometer scale structures. This technique can be used in nanofabrication of various semiconducting integrated circuits(IC'S), Nano electro mechanical systems(NEMS). Here modification in semi conductor chips at nano scale (i.e., range of 10^-9m) is also possible. This method is constrasting to various applications existing nanolithography techniques like photolithography, nanoimprint lithography, scanning probe lithography(spl), atomic force microscope.

  • Track 16-1 Photolithography
  • Track 16-2 Electron Beam Microscope
  • Track 16-3 X-ray Lithography
  • Track 16-4 xtreme Ultraviolet Lithography(EUVL)
  • Track 16-5 Light Coupling Nano Lithography(LCM)
  • Track 16-6 Scanning Probe Microscope Lithography(SPM)
  • Track 16-7 Nanoimprint Lithography
  • Track 16-8 Dip-Pen Nanolithography.

Nanotechnology includes both benifits and potential negatives. It has direct benificial applications for medicine and environament. But like all the technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversly impact the environament both with in body and natural ecosystem. Current hypothesys suggests that some engineered nanoparticles may be more TOXIC than others of identical chemical composition.

  • Track 17-1 Titanium Dioxide
  • Track 17-2 Carbon Black
  • Track 17-3 Diesel

The science of energy harvesting materials is experiencing phenomenal growth and attracting huge interest. Exploiting recently acquired insights into the fundamental mechanisms and principles of photosynthesis, it is now possible to forge entirely new and distinctive molecular materials and devise artificial photosystems and applications far remote from conventional solar cell technology.There are several promising microscale energy harvesting materials (including ceramics, single crystals, polymers and composites) and technologies currently being developed.

  • Track 18-1 Piezoelectric Materials
  • Track 18-2 Thermoelectric Materials
  • Track 18-3 Pyroelectric Materials

The area of nanoscience called as Nanophotonics is defined as the science and engineering of light matter interactions that take place on wavelength and sub wavelength scale where the physical chemical and structural nature or artificial nanostructured matter control the interactions. Higher dimensional photonic crystals are of great interest for both fundamental and applied research, and the two dimensional ones are beginning to find commercial applications.

  • Track 19-1 Optic electronics and microelectronics
  • Track 19-2 Solar panels
  • Track 19-3 Spectroscopy
  • Track 19-4 Meta materials